How to Build Shed Doors
Learning how to build shed doors is perhaps one of the most difficult tasks in building your shed!
The following directions on building 2 - 5' wide double shed doors are for a saltbox style shed. You can however
use the method for any style shed, and it requires siding your shed with 4'x8' siding panels like T1-11 or 'Smartside' siding panels.
When I built sheds professionally I liked to build my shed doors before I made my shed walls, because with the saltbox shed,
you actually lay the doors onto your wall studs, nail them into place, then raise your wall on your floor and your done,
front wall complete with doors.
This is unique with this style shed only as the front wall,
and back wall for this shed form the unique tunnel form of construction which I love to use when
building my sheds.
More about this tunnel system when you get into the wall building section.
1. First step in deciding about your shed doors is the size. I always believe that with sheds,
the bigger the better. You can put 4' doors on your shed, but down the road you may need a bigger opening.
Perhaps you may get a mower in the future that has a 54" cut! Try to get that through a 48" doorway opening!
Good luck. It is not going to cost you that much more, so my advice is to go ahead and build the biggest
door you can. 6' is great, 5'is ok, and 4' I don't even recommend.
2. Now, grab 2 of your siding sheets and lay
them out on a flat surface so that the edges overlap, just the way they would if you had just closed
your shed doors and the inside edges overlapped and made a light free closure. Make sure you lay them down
with the finished surface facing up.
Assemble your 2 - 2x4 hinge boards first ,
making sure they are lined up as follows:
Now, to determine your door panel length from top to bottom, if your wall height is 'x' feet, add 2"
to this height and this is what the total length will be for your door panels which will get nailed onto your
wall studs for the front wall. An important point to remember is that your door height should be about 6'.
On a saltbox shed, your wall height for the front and back walls should be no less than 6.5' to 7' measured from the top of finished floor surface to top
edge of your wall.
Again, add 2" to this length because this will allow 2" of your siding to be nailed to the floor structure when you stand your walls up and
are able to nail to the floor rim joists, or outside band boards. Now, go ahead and
measure and cut the bottoms of your panels you just laid down to this length.
Lay the cut panels back down flat on a surface, such as a garage floor, etc., and
starting with the left panel first, you'll want to lay out your 2x4 members and door stiffeners that form the front design of
your door exactly how they will be. Please note that which ever door overlaps you'll want to line up the 2x4
right on the vertical edge. The other door has the vertical 2x4 lined up just to the other side of the groove
so that when your doors are fully assembled and on your shed, they will overlap properly when closed and the 2x4 vertical members
will not interfere with the closing. Please refer to illustration below.
Follow my diagram for cutting, and layout and line up the pieces (and you can even mark the outlines with a
pencil) exactly the way they will look on your door when it is finished. Once you have cut and
fitted the pieces and know they are going to fit, take them all off, stand your left piece of siding up and proceed
to nail, one by one, each of the pieces in their exact location. This may take a second person for help to
hold each of the pieces while you are nailing them.I recommend using a neumatic stapler with 1" galvanized
staples nailing from the back side of the siding into the 2x4 members.
If it isn't possible to do this, then you'll
definitely need some assistance. One of you will have to hold the piece into place while the other nails from
behind with #8 common galvanized nails. I do recommend however at least renting a compressor and neumatic
air stapler for your door assembly. It will make building your doors much easier. But, be careful and follow all safety instructions when using neumatic air tools,
as they can be dangerous if used improperly. But, if you have assistance and want to save the money,
go ahead and by all means nail by hand the old fashioned way.
Once you have the left side finished, lay it back down with the right side panel, and lay it as if the doors would be if in
the closed position already on your shed. Now you can lay out the 2x4 members on the right panel, lining them
up exactly in unison with the left side panel (i.e., you'll want the top and bottom 2x4's to line up and be even with the left
side door panel when looking at your shed with doors installed). Again, mark or outline the 2x4's, take
them off, and stand your right door panel up just as you did with the left door panel, and proceed to fasten the 2x4 front
members securely to the panel from behind again.
Now, here is an important measurement to take. Lay your finished door panels on the floor as if
they where closed exactly the way the will be when standing up on your front shed wall. Measure the
bottom panels from hinge to hinge. Write this measurement down.
This will be the distance between the inside edges of your mounting studs on your
front wall, less When you get to the point of building your front
wall, your space your door studs at this distance. The half inch difference allows you to install your
doors so that when closed, your hinge cut will be lined up in from the edge of your wall stud, thus
preventing any air and weather gap. In other words, when you close your shed doors, the hinge cut will
be over a wall stud, thus helping to prevent any inclement weather from going through your door hinges.
Making Hinge and Top Cuts On Your storage shed doors
At this point, you will need to take one of your completed door assemblies and lay it face up on a pair of saw horses.
You will need to mark the location of the top corner of your hinge assembly by taking one of your 16d nails
and nailing it directly through your door siding. This will mark the intersecting corner of your top and side
cut of your door.
Now, turn your door over and again lay it flat on your saw horses, face down. We are going to mark the
top cut along the top of the door, and down along the middle of your hinge boards. You can use a chalk line for
this marking (preferred method), or take a straight 2x4 and mark along the edge of it from the nail all the way down to bottom of
the hinge middle, and then from the nail over to the top edge of your inside 2x4 door member.
Please see illustration.
Installation of your door latch and hasp is not necessary at this point in time and will come later in your shed
Another method to building double shed doors
Building single shed doors.
Framing for shed doors and windows.
Do not purchase materials or attempt to build this shed project unless you have studied the information provided thoroughly, and have verified all dimensions and material requirements for yourself.
Also verify that the plans conform to local building codes and practices. Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information and design, the user is ultimately
responsible for the use of this information. All information provided is copyrighted and cannot be duplicated without the permission of Shedking.
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